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What are the geological processes of lithification and mineralization?

Lithification: It refers to the process that loose and underconsolidated Sediment particles transform into hard and solid rocks. This process includes a number of geological processes, such as consolidation, deep bury, cementation, recrystallization and dehydration.

Mineralization: As some rock minerals can concentrate and become ore bodies with mining value , mineralization is usually caused by the circulation and rising of hot groundwater. That is, specific minerals will deposit along the rock cracks as the temperature and pressure decrease.

For more information, please go to the “Taiwan Geoscience Portal” website.